Our Neolithic ancestors were a very advanced race and by about 5,000 BC had changed from their nomadic lifestyle of hunting and gathering. The influx of agriculturists from the East led to the more settled lifestyle based on farming communities as new skills were learned and passed on through successive generations.
Now that they had become more settled, they were able to concentrate more upon constructing buildings of a more permanent nature and potters used their skills to create bowls and containers for everyday use. Wood, stone and bone were also used to make tools. Flint became a very important material from which arrowheads and crude knives were made.
By now, the Neolithic people had developed the practice of ceremonial burial and their sense of respect for the dead led to the construction of burial mounds, known as barrows. Their sense of awe for nature, the changing seasons and the lights in the sky must have been so overwhelming that they began to construct monuments of stone, wood and earth with astronomical alignments so precise, that one cannot help but to have sincere admiration for their ingenuity.
It was at this time that our Neolithic predecessors began to construct monuments that are so well known to us todaythousands of years after they were built. Stonehenge, Avebury, Arbor Low and Castlerigg are names known by millions world-wide, thanks to our Neolithic friends!