Wages Assessment Essex 1651
As printed in Michael Dalton's Country Justice 1655

 

Essex

The particular Rates of Wages of all manner of Artificers, Labourers, and Servants, as well by the Day with Meat and Drink, and without, as also by the whole yeer, and in gross, or by taske : Made as set forth at the Quarter Sessions of the Peace holden at Chelmsford in the said County Apr. 8 1651, by the Justices of Peace there assembled, according to a Statute made 29 Eliz. having a special regard and consideration to the prises at this time of all kinde of Victualls and Apparel, both Linnen and Woollen, and all other necessary charges wherewith Artificers, Labourers, and Servants have been more grievously charged with, then in times past.

 

By the day from mid-March to mid-September

By the day from mid-September to mid-March

By the whole year

with meat and drink

without meat and drink

with meat and drink

without meat and drink

Wages

Livery

Masons

A Master free Mason
A Master rough Mason having three under him
Servants and Apprentices above the age of 14 and under 18


12d



10d




4d


18d



17d




10d


10d



8d




3d


16d



14d




7d


4li



3li




30s


10s



10s




8s

Carpentors and Sawyers

A Master Carpenter having foure under his charge
Their Journey-men and Servants above 18 and under 24
Servants and Apprentices above 14 and under 24
A Master Sawyer
His Labourer
Palers
Ryvers of Pale and Clapboard and Lathe
A Mill-wright
A Plow-wright
and Cart-wright
Cowper





12d




8d



6d

10d
8d
8d



10d
12d



10d
10d





18d




14d



12d

16d
14d
12d



18d
18d



18d
16d





10d




6d



6d

8d
8d
8d



8d
10d



8d
6d





16d




12d



10d

14d
12d
12d



16d
16d



16d
14d





4li




50s



24s

4li 10s
4li
4li



4li









10s




8s



8s

10s
8s
10s



10s





Shipwrights

A Master Ship-wright having four under him
An Hewer or common Ship-wright
An able Clencher
An able Holder
A Master Calker
A Calker labouring by tide
A mean Calker




16d


10d

10d

8d

14d


10d

9d




2s


8d

18d

14d

2s


18d

16d




12d


8d

8d

7d

10d


8d

8d




16d


14d

14d

12d

6d


14d

14d

Joyner, and Carver

A Master Joyner or Carver
Servants and Apprentices above 18 and under 24
Servants and Apprentices above 14 and under 24



10d



8d



6d



18d



14d



9d



8d



6d



5d



16d



12d



8d



4li



3li 10s



33s 4d



10s



10s



6s

Bricklayer, Tylers, Playsterers, and Shinglers.

A Master Bricklayer and Tyler, Playsterer, and Shingler
Second Bricklayers, Tylers, and Slaters, above 16 and under 24
Servants and Apprentices above 12 and under 24





10d





8d



6d





18d





16d



10d





8d





6d



5d





16d





14d



8d





4li





2li





10s





10s

Makers of Brick Tile, Burners of Lyme, Ashes, and Wood

Makers of Brick and Tile, Burners of Wood-ashes and Lyme
Their Servants and Labourers






8d


6d






16d


11d






6d


5d






12d


10d






3li


30s






10s


10s

Plumber and Glasier

A Plumber and Glasier
Their Servants and Apprentices of the age of 14 and under 24


10d





6d


16d





10d


8d





5d


14d





8d


3li 5s





30s 4d


10s





6s 4d

Layers of Roods and Thatchers, Common Labourers

A Master Layer or Thatcher
Their Servants
Fellers, and makers of Wood, Ditches, Hedges and Threshers, and all other common Labourers the time of Harvest excepted



10d

8d











8d



16d

13d











14d



8d

6d











6d



14d

12d











12d



3li

50s











3li 5s



10s

10s











10s

Gardeners

Gardeners
Scavel-men or Marsh-men
The man Haymaker
The woman Haymaker
Weeders of Corn
Mowers of Corn and Grasse
A Fallower

8d


10d

8d

5d

4d


10d
6d

16d


18d

12d

10d

9d


18d
15d

7d


8d

12d


15d

3li


3li 10s

10s

Reapers

The man Reaper
The woman Reaper


12d

8d


22d

14d

Clothiers, with other men of Science or occupation Kembers

The best servant Clothier being Journeyman
The best Journeyman weaver able to take and leave his work as well in Cogshall and such places where fine Clothes are made as elsewhere
The second Journeyman Weaver and Clothier
A Journeyman Kember in Coxhall above the age of 24 K mbing and drawing everyday 5 li warp
Housholders their kembing and drawing by task for every warp with meat and drink
A Weaver being a housholder, weaving by the piece in great as he can agree with the Clothier
A Journeyman Tucker or Fuller, and Sherman, and Dyer

3li

3li
30s

3li

6d


50s

10s

16s
8s

10s




10s

Taylers and Hoziers


8d


14d


6d


12d


50s


10s

Shoomakers, Cutlers, Smiths, Farrier, Spurriers, Tanners and Cowpers
Millers, Bakers, Brewers, Butchers, and Cooks
The second sort of the said Artificers
Loaders of Corn and Meal to London

50s
50s
50s
4li

10s
10s
8s
10s

Knackers, Collermakers, Armourers



9d



18d



8d



14d



6li

Servants of Husbandry

A Bayliff of Husnandry taking charge and able to discharge the same
A chief Hinde; the best Ploughman, Carter, Shepherd or Neatherd
The second Hinde, Carter, or Servant in Husbandry
Apprentice at Husbandry, at meat, drink, and clothes
The best woman servant, being a Cook, able to take charge of a Houshold
The second woman servant
A Dairy maid, or Wash maid
A Chambermaid

5li
4li 10s
3li 10s

50s
40s
45s
50s

10s
10s
10s

Artificers and Labourers, by task or in great, without meat and drink

Mowers and Makers of Hay

The mowing of one Acre Grasse after Land measure
The well making, clean raking, and cocking of an Acre of Gras ready to carry
The reaping or shearing, well binging, cocking, or shoking, of one acre of Wheat, Rye, or Mixtyln
The reaping or shearing of an acre of Barley and Bullimong, binding and shocking
The reaping, well binding and shocking of an acre of Oats
The making of an acre of Pease, Fetches, and Tates

10d
2s

3s 4d
2s 6d
2s 6d
21d

Mowing of Corn

The mowing of an acre of Barley or Oats
The following making bands, raking, and laying the same
The making and ditching of a rod of new ditch out of the whole ground, four foot wide, three foot deep and one and a half foot in the bottom, double set with quick, and setting an hedge upon it after the rate of 16 foot and a half the rod, with gathering sets for the same
The making of a rod of ditch of like breadth and depth, without quick
The plashing of every rod of quick hedge
The making a rod of an usual hedge, the stuffe laid by
The f(s)elling every load of bushes

14d
12d



14d
6d
2d
2d
12d

Felling and making wood

The making of a hundred of Fagots double band
The making of a hundred of Fagots single band
The making of a thousand Billet
The making of a load of Talewood
The making of a load of Pole, or other Wood
The making of a hundred of Broom or Farres Fagots

2s 6d
20d
18d
8d
6d
22d

Threshing and fanning

Wheat and Rye the quarter
Barley and Oats the quarter
Beans, Pease, Bullimong and Tares

22d
10d
10d

Sawing

Plank, the hundred, viz. six score
Board, the hundred
Slitting work the hundred

2s 6d
2s 6d
2s 6d

Riving

Lath, the hundred
Pale the hundred
Clapboard, the hundred

4d
1d
4s

Paling

The felling cleaving and hewing Pales, Posts, Shores, and Rayls, and setting up of every rod of six foot long Pale, not exceeding seven foot with single Rayle, after the rate of 16 foot and a half to the Pole



2s

Cartwrights

The making of a Plough all new with meat and drink
The bodying of a Plough, with meat and drink
The heading or bodying of a Plough, with the handle with meat and drink
The making of a pair of Cart-wheels, finding himself
The hewing of all stuff of a body of a Cart, finding himself
The making of the body of a Cart, finding himself
The hewing of every gange of Fellyes which contain 12 for wheels
The setting on of a Felly, finding himself
The hewing and riving of every gange of Spoke Timber, the gange containing 25

1s 6d
10d
12d
8s
20d
3s 6d
1s 6d
8d
1s

Making of Coals

The felling, cutting, and blocking of a dozen Coals, every Coal containing 24 Sacks and every Sack 4 bushels
The making of a dozen Coals


2s 4d
2s

Brick and Tylemakers

The digging of the Earth, the striking and burning of every M. Brick, without meat and drink, having straw and all other necessaries laid by
The stricking, drying, and setting on Pillar every thousand Tile, without meat and drink
The whiting and nealing of every M. Tile, without meat and drink


2s 6d
10d
10d

Fx. per Tho. Gouldesburgh, Cler. Pacis Com. pr xd.

 

Copyright Guy Etchells Ó 1999 All rights reserved.

Permission is granted for all free personal and non-commercial uses. It is my intention to make all data contained herein freely available for all private, non-profit and non-commercial uses. Commercial use of any portion contained herein is expressly prohibited.

 

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